Inhalation is the flow of air into an organism. It is a vital process for all human life. In humans it is the movement of air from the external environment, through the airways, and into the alveoli.
Inhalation begins with the contraction of the muscles attached to the rib cage; this causes an expansion in the chest cavity. Then takes place the onset of contraction of the diaphragm, which results in expansion of the intrapleural space and an increase in negative pressure according to Boylse`s Law. This negative pressure generates airflow because of the pressure difference between the atmosphere and alveolus. Air enters, inflating the lung through either the nose or the mouth into the pharynx (throat) and trachea before entering the alveoli.
The main problems of inhalation therapy are:
- respiratory drainage function improvement,
- decreasing of swelling and promotion of recovery processes,
- decreased activation of inflammatory processes,
- bronchiospasm suppression,
- improvement of respiratory mucous microcirculation.
Inhalation most common types are steam through, warm and humid, damp, oily, air, ultrasound, insuflyatsion, dry.